Al fin estoy leyendo a Jung!

Jung, C.G. / The Spirit in Man, Art and Literature / Ark Paperbacks, 1966

Hace muchos años que quería a comenzar a leer los libros de Jung que la Flaca comenzó a leer hace como 30 años! Hasta ahora encontré las ganas de hacerlo y ha sido un gusto enorme comenzar por este libro en que se relacionan espíritu, arte y literatura.

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Me gustó mucho la estructura del texto que ayuda a elaborar el contenido. Primero Jung junta artículos que ha trabajado sobre Paracelso (el médico que es capaz de ligar la salud del cuerpo con los astros y con la filosofía), Sigmund Freud (con quien trabajó) y Richard Whilhelm (quien trae el I Ching a occidente). Luego dedica un capítulo a la relación entre Psicología Analítica y Poesía, entre Psicología y Literatura. Cierra el texto analizando el Ulises (de Joyce) y Picasso.

Encontré como limitante enorme el que salvo algunas excepciones pequeñitas, yo no he leído ninguno de los autores o los temas mencionados. El libro es una buena invitación a trabajar estos y otros autores que aparecen reseñados tales como Dante (y la Divina Comedia), Nietzsche, Goethe (y el Fausto). Llama a leer Ulises y a mirar de una manera diferente a Picasso y a otros pintores.

Me gustó cómo mira la relación del médico Paracelso con el conocimiento especial que debe tener cualquier médico con la “luz de la naturaleza”. Nacido en 1493, fue capaz de ligar a los médicos clásicos, originarios de la medicina, con diversas fuentes de conocimiento empírico y la relación con diversos campos y con la Alquimia (entendida como procedimiento filosófico). Liga la salud con la astrología y la astronomía. Sus contemporáneos lo consideraron el Lutero de la medicina, una de las figuras importantes del Renacimiento.

En el capítulo sobre Freud, Jung lanza abiertamente sus críticas a los métodos de Freud. Pero también nos llama la atención sobre la importancia de ubicar a Freud en su contexto histórico específico del materialismo científico del siglo XIX: “It is an instrument to be used by a doctor, and it is dangerous or destructive, or at best ineffective, when applied to the natural expressions of life and its needs”. 47

Uno de los capítulos que más me gustó es el dedicado a la memoria de Richard Wilhelm. Yo tenía referencias de él, pero no lo ligaba con tanta fuerza al I Ching, a la China y a la ciencia desarrollada en ése país desde hace miles de años. Es un autor para trabajar bien y con juicio:

“… it is Wilhelm who brings new light from the East. This was the cultural task to which he felt himself called, recognizing how much  the East had to offer in our spiritual need”. 58

“The spirit of Europe is not helped merely  by new sensations or a titillation of the nerves. What it has taken China thousands of years to build cannot be acquired by theft”. 58

“Nothing can be sacrificed for ever. Everything returns later in changed form, and when once a great sacrifice has been made, the sacrificed thing when it returns must meet with a healthy and resistant body that can take the shock”. 62

Del capítulo de relación con la poesía hay muchos aspectos poderosos. Uno de los que más me gustó es la relación que tiene la creación artística con los arquetipos y con la memoria/inconsciente colectivo.  Es el aspecto supra-personal. Cómo entender el aspecto supra-personal nuestro, latinoamericano, colombiano? “The plant is not a mere product of the soil; it is  a living, self-contained process which in essence has nothing to do with the character of the soil”.

Cómo se acciona la conexión con los arquetipos desde la perspectiva del artista, cualquiera que sea el arte?

“A special ability demands a greater expenditure of energy, which must necessarily leave a deficit on some other side of life”.103

Toca ver cómo seguir trabajando con juicio:

  • C.G. Jung
  • Richard Wilhelm
  • Dante – Divina Comedia
  • Nietzsche y la experiencia dionisíaca
  • Goethe – El Fausto
  • Joyce – leer el Ulysses y volver a leer el capítulo de este libro!
  • Picasso y los símbolos que utiliza

Chía, 28 de diciembre de 2016

What did you Catch?

The Old Man and the Sea by Ernest Hemingway

The Old Man and the Sea
by Ernest Hemingway

18681755

Constantino Casasbuenas‘s review

Dec 17, 2016  ·  edit
Read from December 15 to 17, 2016


It was great getting advice from Mario about reading this book. I started to read it two days ago and I couldn’t stop. Though this is a short book, it pulled me hard because of three main reasons:

1. It is very well written.
2. It brought to mind my discovery of the sea – and of fishing – when I was just a boy, and,
3. It gave me a good grasp about my present age, when elder people need my support.

Hemingway wrote this short book towards the end of his career as a writer, just before he won the Nobel price, after living in Cuba from 1939 until 1941. His life in the Caribbean gave him the sense of being an old fisherman in the region, when your are alone, on your own and most of the world means his relations with the sea and with the young boy who takes care of him.

When I was reading the book, in reality I was like rowing or sailing or fishing in Puerto Obaldía, in Urabá, when I was 7 years old. I could remember the feeling of trowing the nylon with the bait, and the precious feeling that you get in your fingers when you know that a fish is about to eat the bait. I could remember when my brother Javier fished a beautiful 12 kg Jurel. And I could remember well what happened when you fished a bigger fish that could be easily eaten by the sharks! You couldn´t see the sharks, but just the fish head that was left by the sharks.

Many parts of the book gave me the feeling that I have now, when I meet older people who feel (it’s my assessment) like the old fisherman: “The ocean is very big and a skiff is small and hard to see,” the old man said. He noticed how pleasant it was to have someone to talk to instead of speaking only to himself and to the sea. “I missed you,” he said. “What did you catch?”35

The most interesting part was to see that the stories told by the old man were really interesting and important for the young boy, and it was the young boy who really took care of the old fisherman.

The last lines are real magic. After having caught the biggest fish in his live, after having killed many sharks who ate the valuable fish, he survived and after coming back to his room, he considered that the most important thing is to go to sleep: “Up the road, in his shack, the old man was sleeping again. He was still sleeping on his face and the boy was sitting by him watching him. The old man was dreaming about the lions”.36

Some of the quotes which I loved follow now:

“I would like to go. If I cannot fish with you. I would like to serve in some way.”2

“Thank you,” the old man said. He was too simple to wonder when he had attained humility. But he [13] knew he had attained it and he knew it was not disgraceful and it carried no loss of true pride.2

“Have faith in the Yankees my son. Think of the great DiMaggio.”3

“Keep the blanket around you,” the boy said. “You’ll not fish without eating while I’m alive.”4

I must have water here for him, the boy thought, and soap and a good towel. Why am I so thoughtless? I must get him another shirt and a jacket for the winter and some sort of shoes and another blanket.5

“Que Va,” the boy said. “There are many good fishermen and some great ones. But there is only you.”5

But the old man always thought of her as feminine and as something that gave or withheld great favours, and if she did wild or wicked things it was because she could not help them. The moon affects her as it does a woman, he thought.7

No one should be alone in their old age, he thought. But it is unavoidable. I must remember to eat the tuna before he spoils in order to keep strong. Remember, no matter how little you want to, that you must eat him in the morning. Remember, he said to himself.12

Aloud he said, “I wish I had the boy.” [51] But you haven’t got the boy, he thought. You have only yourself and you had better work back to the last line now, in the dark or not in the dark, and cut it away and hook up the two reserve coils.14

Then the negro, after the rum, would try for a tremendous [69] effort and once he had the old man, who was not an old man then but was Santiago El Campeon, nearly three inches off balance. But the old man had raised his hand up to dead even again.19

The old man looked carefully in the glimpse of vision that he had. Then he took two turns of the harpoon [94] line around the bitt in the bow and hid his head on his hands. “Keep my head dear,” he said against the wood of the bow. “I am a tired old man. But I have killed this fish which is my brother and now I must do the slave work.”26

“Get to work, old man,” he said. He took a very [95] small drink of the water. “There is very much slave work to be done now that the fight is over.”27

Besides, he thought, everything kills everything else in some way. Fishing kills me exactly as it keeps me alive. The boy keeps me alive, he thought. I must not deceive myself too much.30

“The ocean is very big and a skiff is small and hard to see,” the old man said. He noticed how pleasant it was to have someone to talk to instead of speaking only to himself and to the sea. “I missed you,” he said. “What did you catch?”35

De la huerta a tu mesa

Recibamos bien la Navidad y el 2017 con una bella ancheta!

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Tel. 318 3752151
Hortiaromachiguata@gmail.com

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Tel. 320 8131953
Laura Castiblanco

En fotos Jessica Juliana Wilches Urrego

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1 manojo de rúgula

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1 lechuga

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Champiñones paq                         3,000

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Espinaca – atado                           1,000

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Sábila penca a                                  500

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